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Śrīmad-bhāgavatam 6.1.55


eṣa prakṛti-saṅgena
puruṣasya viparyayaḥ
āsīt sa eva na cirād
īśa-saṅgād vilīyate


eṣaḥ — esta; prakṛti-saṅgena — debido al contacto con la naturaleza material; puruṣasya — de la entidad viviente; viparyayaḥ — una situación de olvido, o una posición difícil; āsīt — llega a ser; saḥ — esa posición; eva — en verdad; na — no; cirāt — que lleva mucho tiempo; īśa-saṅgāt — de la relación con el Señor Supremo; vilīyate — es superada.


Debido al contacto con la naturaleza material, la entidad viviente se encuentra en una posición difícil; sin embargo, en la forma humana de vida tiene la posibilidad de superarla, si aprende a relacionarse con la Suprema Personalidad de Dios o Su devoto.


The word prakṛti means material nature, and puruṣa may also refer to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. If one wants to continue his association with prakṛti, the female energy of Kṛṣṇa, and be separated from Kṛṣṇa by the illusion that he is able to enjoy prakṛti, he must continue in his conditional life. If he changes his consciousness, however, and associates with the supreme, original person (puruṣaṁ śāśvatam), or with His associates, he can get out of the entanglement of material nature. As confirmed in Bhagavad-gītā (4.9), janma karma ca me divyam evaṁ yo vetti tattvataḥ: one must simply understand the Supreme Person, Kṛṣṇa, in terms of His form, name, activities and pastimes. This will keep one always in the association of Kṛṣṇa. Tyaktvā dehaṁ punar janma naiti mām eti so ’rjuna: thus after giving up his gross material body, one accepts not another gross body but a spiritual body in which to return home, back to Godhead. Thus one ends the tribulation caused by his association with the material energy. In summary, the living entity is an eternal servant of God, but he comes to the material world and is bound by material conditions because of his desire to lord it over matter. Liberation means giving up this false consciousness and reviving one’s original service to the Lord. This return to one’s original life is called mukti, as confirmed in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (muktir hitvānyathā rūpaṁ svarūpeṇa vyavasthitiḥ).