ye — persons who; tu — but; iha — in this life; vai — indeed; rājanyāḥ — members of the royal family, or kṣatriyas; rāja-puruṣāḥ — government servants; vā — or; apākhaṇḍāḥ — although born in responsible families; dharma-setūn — the bounds of prescribed religious principles; bhindanti — transgress; te — they; samparetya — after dying; vaitaraṇyām — named Vaitaraṇī; nipatanti — fall down; bhinna-maryādāḥ — who have broken the regulative principles; tasyām — in that; niraya-parikhā-bhūtāyām — the moat surrounding hell; nadyām — in the river; yādaḥ-gaṇaiḥ — by ferocious aquatic animals; itaḥ tataḥ — here and there; bhakṣyamāṇāḥ — being eaten; ātmanā — with the body; na — not; viyujyamānāḥ — being separated; ca — and; asubhiḥ — the life airs; uhyamānāḥ — being carried; sva-aghena — by his own sinful activities; karma-pākam — the result of his impious activities; anusmarantaḥ — remembering; viṭ — of stool; mūtra — urine; pūya — pus; śoṇita — blood; keśa — hair; nakha — nails; asthi — bones; medaḥ — marrow; māṁsa — flesh; vasā — fat; vāhinyām — in the river; upatapyante — are afflicted with pain.
A person who is born into a responsible family — such as a kṣatriya, a member of royalty or a government servant — but who neglects to execute his prescribed duties according to religious principles, and who thus becomes degraded, falls down at the time of death into the river of hell known as Vaitaraṇī. This river, which is a moat surrounding hell, is full of ferocious aquatic animals. When a sinful man is thrown into the river Vaitaraṇī, the aquatic animals there immediately begin to eat him, but because of his extremely sinful life, he does not leave his body. He constantly remembers his sinful activities and suffers terribly in that river, which is full of stool, urine, pus, blood, hair, nails, bones, marrow, flesh and fat.