वैषम्यमिह भूतानां ममाहमिति पार्थिव ॥ २४ ॥
vaiṣamyam iha bhūtānāṁ
mamāham iti pārthiva
hiṁsā — suffering; tat — of this; abhimānena — by the false conception; daṇḍa-pāruṣyayoḥ — when there is punishment and chastisement; yathā — just as; vaiṣamyam — misconception; iha — here (in this body); bhūtānām — of the living entities; mama-aham — mine and I; iti — thus; pārthiva — O lord of the earth.
My dear King, the conditioned soul, being in the bodily conception of life, considers his body to be his self and considers everything in relationship with the body to be his. Because he has this wrong conception of life, he is subjected to dualities like praise and chastisement.
Only when a conditioned soul accepts the body as himself does he feel the effects of chastisement or praise. Then he determines one person to be his enemy and another his friend and wants to chastise the enemy and welcome the friend. This creation of friends and enemies is a result of one’s bodily conception of life.