युज्येत शोकमोहाभ्यां निद्रयाहिंसयाशया ॥ १५ ॥
tamo mūḍhaṁ layaṁ jaḍam
yadā — when; jayet — conquers; rajaḥ sattvam — the modes of passion and goodness; tamaḥ — the mode of darkness; mūḍham — defeating one’s discrimination; layam — covering over consciousness; jaḍam — devoid of endeavor; yujyeta — one becomes endowed; śoka — with lamentation; mohābhyām — and bewilderment; nidrayā — with oversleeping; hiṁsayā — with violent qualities; āśayā — and false hopes.
When the mode of ignorance conquers passion and goodness, it covers one’s consciousness and makes one foolish and dull. Falling into lamentation and illusion, a person in the mode of ignorance sleeps excessively, indulges in false hopes, and displays violence toward others.