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CC Madhya 2.66


unmādera lakṣaṇa,karāya kṛṣṇa-sphuraṇa,
bhāvāveśe uṭhe praṇaya māna
māna, garva, vyāja-stuti,
kabhu nindā, kabhu vā sammāna


unmādera lakṣaṇa — the symptoms of madness; karāya — causes; kṛṣṇa — Lord Kṛṣṇa; sphuraṇa — impetus; bhāva-āveśe — in an ecstatic condition; uṭhe — awakens; praṇaya — love; māna — disdain; solluṇṭha-vacana — of disrespect by sweet words; rīti — the way; māna — honor; garva — pride; vyāja-stuti — indirect prayer; kabhu — sometimes; nindā — blasphemy; kabhu — sometimes; — or; sammāna — honor.


The symptoms of madness served as an impetus for remembering Kṛṣṇa. The mood of ecstasy awoke love, disdain, defamation by words, pride, honor and indirect prayer. Thus Śrī Kṛṣṇa was sometimes blasphemed and sometimes honored.


The word unmāda is explained in the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu as extreme joy, misfortune and bewilderment in the heart due to separation. Symptoms of unmāda are laughing like a madman, dancing, singing, performing ineffectual activities, talking nonsense, running, shouting and sometimes working in contradictory ways. The word praṇaya is explained thus: When there is a possibility of receiving direct honor but it is avoided, that love is called praṇaya. Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī, in his Ujjvala-nīlamaṇi, explains the word māna thus: When the lover feels novel sweetness by exchanging hearty loving words but wishes to hide his feelings by crooked means, māna is experienced.