yavīyāṁsaḥ — younger; ekāśītiḥ — numbering eighty-one; jāyanteyāḥ — the sons of Jayantī, the wife of Ṛṣabhadeva; pituḥ — of their father; ādeśakarāḥ — following the order; mahā-śālīnāḥ — well-behaved, well-cultured; mahā-śrotriyāḥ — extremely learned in Vedic knowledge; yajña-śīlāḥ — expert in performing ritualistic ceremonies; karma-viśuddhāḥ — very pure in their activities; brāhmaṇāḥ — qualified brāhmaṇas; babhūvuḥ — became.
In addition to these nineteen sons mentioned above, there were eighty-one younger ones, all born of Ṛṣabhadeva and Jayantī. According to the order of their father, they became well-cultured, well-behaved, very pure in their activities and expert in Vedic knowledge and the performance of Vedic rituals. Thus they all became perfectly qualified brāhmaṇas.
From this verse we have good information of how the castes are qualified according to quality and work. Ṛṣabhadeva, a king, was certainly a kṣatriya. He had a hundred sons, and out of these, ten were engaged as kṣatriyas and ruled the planet. Nine sons became good preachers of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (mahā-bhāgavatas), and this indicates that they were above the position of brāhmaṇas. The other eighty-one sons became highly qualified brāhmaṇas. These are some practical examples of how one can become fit for a certain type of activity by qualification, not by birth. All the sons of Mahārāja Ṛṣabhadeva were kṣatriyas by birth, but by quality some of them became kṣatriyas, and some became brāhmaṇas. Nine became preachers of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (bhāgavata-dharma-darśanāḥ), which means that they were above the categories of kṣatriya and brāhmaṇa.