नृणां वर्णाश्रमाणां च सर्वभूतहित: सदा ॥ ३८ ॥
dharmān nānā-vidhāñ chubhān
nṛṇāṁ varṇāśramāṇāṁ ca
yaḥ — who; pṛṣṭaḥ — being questioned; munibhiḥ — by the sages; prāha — spoke; dharmān — the duties; nānā-vidhān — many varieties; śubhān — auspicious; nṛṇām — of human society; varṇa-āśramāṇām — of the varṇas and āśramas; ca — and; sarva-bhūta — for all living beings; hitaḥ — who does welfare; sadā — always.
In reply to questions asked by certain sages, he [Svāyambhuva Manu], out of compassion for all living entities, taught the diverse sacred duties of men in general and the different varṇas and āśramas.