कामादिभी रजोयुक्तं क्रोधाद्यैस्तमसा युतम् ॥ ९ ॥
krodhādyais tamasā yutam
puruṣam — a person; sattva-saṁyuktam — endowed with the mode of goodness; anumīyāt — can be deduced; śama-ādibhiḥ — by his qualities of sense control and so on; kāma-ādibhiḥ — by lust and so on; rajaḥ-yuktam — one who is in the mode of passion; krodha-ādyaiḥ — by anger and so on; tamasā — with the mode of ignorance; yutam — one who is endowed.
A person exhibiting qualities such as self-control is understood to be predominantly in the mode of goodness. Similarly, a passionate person is recognized by his lust, and one in ignorance is recognized by qualities such as anger.