श्रुतं च कर्माणि च सद्व्रतानि ।
परो हि योगो मनस: समाधि: ॥ ४५ ॥
śrutaṁ ca karmāṇi ca sad-vratāni
paro hi yogo manasaḥ samādhiḥ
dānam — giving of charity; sva-dharmaḥ — carrying out one’s prescribed duties; niyamaḥ — the regulations of day-to-day life; yamaḥ — the major regulations of spiritual practice; ca — and; śrutam — listening to scripture; ca — and; karmāṇi — pious work; ca — and; sat — pure; vratāni — vows; sarve — all; manaḥ-nigrahaḥ — the subduing of the mind; lakṣaṇa — consisting of; antāḥ — their aim; paraḥ — supreme; hi — indeed; yogaḥ — transcendental knowledge; manasaḥ — of the mind; samādhiḥ — meditation on the Supreme in trance.
Charity, prescribed duties, observance of major and minor regulative principles, hearing from scripture, pious works and purifying vows all have as their final aim the subduing of the mind. Indeed, concentration of the mind on the Supreme is the highest yoga.