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CC Madhya 4.61


pañca-gavya, pañcāmṛte snāna karāñā
mahā-snāna karāila śata ghaṭa diñā


pañca-gavya — in five kinds of products from the cow; pañca-amṛte — in a preparation made with five palatable foods; snāna — bath; karāñā — finishing; mahā-snāna — a vast bath with ghee and water; karāila — performed; śata — one hundred; ghaṭa — waterpots; diñā — with.


After the first bathing, further bathings were conducted with pañca-gavya and then with pañcāmṛta. Then the mahā-snāna was performed with ghee and water, which had been brought in one hundred pots.


The ingredients of pañca-gavya are milk, yogurt, ghee (clarified butter), cow urine and cow dung. All these items come from the cow; therefore we can just imagine how important the cow is, since its urine and stool are required for bathing the Deity. The pañcāmṛta consists of five kinds of nectar — yogurt, milk, ghee, honey and sugar. The major portion of this preparation also comes from the cow. To make it more palatable, sugar and honey are added.