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CC Madhya 2.35

Text

kari’ eta vilapana,prabhu śacī-nandana,
ughāḍiyā hṛdayera śoka
dainya-nirveda-viṣāde,
hṛdayera avasāde,
punarapi paḍe eka śloka

Synonyms

kari’ — doing; eta — such; vilapana — lamenting; prabhu — the Lord; śacī-nandana — the son of mother Śacī; ughāḍiyā — opening; hṛdayera — of the heart; śoka — the lamentation; dainya — humility; nirveda — disappointment; viṣāde — in moroseness; hṛdayera — of the heart; avasāde — in despondency; punarapi — again and again; paḍe — recites; eka — one; śloka — verse.

Translation

Lamenting in this way, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu opened the doors of grief within His heart. Morose, humble and disappointed, He recited a verse again and again with a despondent heart.

Purport

In the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu, the word dainya (humility) is explained as follows: “When unhappiness, fearfulness and the sense of having offended combine, one feels condemned. This sense of condemnation is described as dīnatā, humility. When one is subjected to such humility, he feels physically inactive, he apologizes, and his consciousness is disturbed. His mind is also restless, and many other symptoms are visible.” The word nirveda is also explained in the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu: “One may feel unhappiness and separation, as well as jealousy and lamentation, due to not discharging one’s duties. The despondency that results is called nirveda. When one is captured by this despondency, thoughts, tears, loss of bodily luster, humility and heavy breathing result.” Viṣāda is also explained in the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu: “When one fails to achieve his desired goal of life and repents for all his offenses, there is a state of regret called viṣāda.” The symptoms of avasāda are also explained: “One hankers to revive his original condition and inquires how to do so. There are also deep thought, heavy breathing, crying and lamentation, as well as a changing of the bodily color and drying up of the tongue.”

In the Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu thirty-three such destructive symptoms are mentioned. They are expressed in words, in the eyebrows and in the eyes. These symptoms are called vyabhicārī bhāva, destructive ecstasy. If they continue, they are sometimes called sañcārī, or continued ecstasy.