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Text 23

Text 23

Texto

Text

viśeṣe kāyastha-buddhye antare kare ḍara
mukhe tarje garje, mārite sabhaya antara
viśeṣe kāyastha-buddhye antare kare ḍara
mukhe tarje garje, mārite sabhaya antara

Palabra por palabra

Synonyms

viśeṣe — en particular; kāyastha-buddhye — considerándole un kāyastha; antare — en el corazón; kare ḍara — siente temor; mukhe — con la boca; tarje garje — amenaza; mārite — con golpear; sa-bhaya — temeroso; antara — en el corazón.

viśeṣe — specifically; kāyastha-buddhye — considering a kāyastha; antare — within his heart; kare ḍara — is afraid; mukhe — with his mouth; tarje garje — threatens; mārite — to beat; sa-bhaya — afraid; antara — at heart.

Traducción

Translation

En verdad, el caudhurī tenía miedo de Raghunātha dāsa, pues Raghunātha dāsa pertenecía a la comunidad kāyastha. Aunque le amonestaba de palabra, en realidad no se atrevía a pegarle.

Indeed, the caudhurī was afraid of Raghunātha dāsa because Raghunātha dāsa belonged to the kāyastha community. Although the caudhurī would chastise him with oral vibrations, he was afraid to beat him.

Significado

Purport

Raghunātha dāsa pertenecía a una familia muy aristocrática de la comunidad kāyastha. Como su influencia en la gente del lugar era notable, el caudhurī, el ministro, no se atrevía a pegarle. Aunque superficialmente y de palabra amonestaba a Raghunātha dāsa, no le golpeaba. Por lo general, en la India, los miembros de la comunidad kāyastha son muy inteligentes y expertos en la gestión de negocios. En el pasado eran, en su mayoría, funcionarios del gobierno. El propio Yājñavalkya los menciona, como explica Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura en su Amṛta-pravāha-bhāṣya:

Raghunātha dāsa belonged to a very aristocratic family of the kāyastha community. He had substantial influence with the local people, and therefore the caudhurī, or minister, was afraid to beat him. Superficially he would chastise Raghunātha dāsa with threatening vibrations, but he did not beat him. The members of the kāyastha community in India are generally very intelligent and expert in business management. Formerly they were mostly government officers. They were mentioned even by Yājñavalkya, as quoted by Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura in his Amṛta-pravāha-bhāṣya:

cāṭa-taskara-durvṛttairmahā-sāhasikādibhiḥ
pīḍyamānā prajā rakṣet
kāyasthaiś ca viśeṣataḥ
cāṭa-taskara-durvṛttairmahā-sāhasikādibhiḥ
pīḍyamānā prajā rakṣet
kāyasthaiś ca viśeṣataḥ

Este verso indica que los funcionarios gubernamentales de la comunidad kāyastha castigaban a veces a los ciudadanos, y el rey tenía el deber de proteger a la gente de las atrocidades que cometían. En Bengala, la comunidad kāyastha es prácticamente tan honorable como la comunidad brahmínica, pero en la India septentrional los kāyasthas son considerados śudras, debido a que suelen comer carne y beber vino. En todo caso, en la historia los kāyasthas se distinguen por su inteligencia. Vemos entonces que el caudhurī musulmán sentía temor de Raghunātha dāsa porque pertenecía a la comunidad kāyastha.

From this verse it appears that the governmental officials of the kāyastha community would sometimes chastise the citizens, and thus it was the duty of the king to protect the people in general from the atrocities of the kāyasthas. In Bengal the kāyastha community is honored almost as much as the brāhmaṇa community, but in the up-country of India the kāyasthas are considered śūdras because they generally eat meat and drink wine. In any case, from history the kāyasthas appear very intelligent. Thus the Muslim caudhurī was afraid of Raghunātha dāsa because he belonged to the kāyastha community.