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Text 30

Text 30

Devanagari

Devanagari

अचोदयद्धस्तिरथाश्वपत्तिभि-
र्गदासिबाणर्ष्टिशतघ्निशक्तिभि: ।
अक्षौहिणी: सप्तदशातिभीषणा-
स्ता राम एको भगवानसूदयत् ॥ ३० ॥

Text

Texto

acodayad dhasti-rathāśva-pattibhir
gadāsi-bāṇarṣṭi-śataghni-śaktibhiḥ
akṣauhiṇīḥ sapta-daśātibhīṣaṇās
tā rāma eko bhagavān asūdayat
acodayad dhasti-rathāśva-pattibhir
gadāsi-bāṇarṣṭi-śataghni-śaktibhiḥ
akṣauhiṇīḥ sapta-daśātibhīṣaṇās
tā rāma eko bhagavān asūdayat

Synonyms

Synonyms

acodayat — he sent for fighting; hasti — with elephants; ratha — with chariots; aśva — with horses; pattibhiḥ — and with infantry; gadā — with clubs; asi — with swords; bāṇa — with arrows; ṛṣṭi — with the weapons called ṛṣṭis; śataghni — with weapons called śataghnis; śaktibhiḥ — with weapons called śaktis; akṣauhiṇīḥ — whole groups of akṣauhiṇīs; sapta-daśa — seventeen; ati-bhīṣaṇāḥ — very fierce; tāḥ — all of them; rāmaḥ — Lord Paraśurāma; ekaḥ — alone; bhagavān — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; asūdayat — killed.

acodayat — envió a la lucha; hasti — con elefantes; ratha — con cuadrigas; aśva — con caballos; pattibhiḥ — y con infantería; gadā — con mazas; asi — con espadas; bāṇa — con flechas; ṛṣṭi — con las armas llamadas ṛṣṭis; śataghni — con armas llamadas śataghnis; śaktibhiḥ — con armas llamadas śaktis; akṣauhiṇīḥ — grupos completos de akṣauhiṇīs; sapta-daśa — diecisiete; ati-bhīṣaṇāḥ — muy terribles; tāḥ — a todos ellos; rāmaḥ — el Señor Paraśurāma; ekaḥ — solo; bhagavān — la Suprema Personalidad de Dios; asūdayat — mató.

Translation

Translation

Upon seeing Paraśurāma, Kārtavīryārjuna immediately feared him and sent many elephants, chariots, horses and infantry soldiers equipped with clubs, swords, arrows, ṛṣṭis, śataghnis, śaktis, and many similar weapons to fight against him. Kārtavīryārjuna sent seventeen full akṣauhiṇīs of soldiers to check Paraśurāma. But Lord Paraśurāma alone killed all of them.

Kārtavīryārjuna sintió miedo de Paraśurāma nada más verle, de modo que envió muchos elefantes, cuadrigas, caballos y soldados de infantería equipados con mazas, espadas, flechas, ṛṣṭis, śataghnis, śaktis y muchas otras armas para luchar contra él. Kārtavīryārjuna envió diecisiete akṣauhiṇīs completos para detener a Paraśurāma. Pero el Señor Paraśurāma los mató a todos sin ninguna ayuda.

Purport

Purport

The word akṣauhiṇī refers to a military phalanx consisting of 21,870 chariots and elephants, 109,350 infantry soldiers and 65,610 horses. An exact description is given in the Mahābhārata, Ādi parva, Second Chapter, as follows:

SIGNIFICADO: La palabra akṣauhiṇī designa una falange militar de 21 870 cuadrigas y elefantes, 109 350 soldados de infantería y 65 610 caballos. En el capítulo segundo del Ādi Parva del Mahābhārata se detallan todos sus componentes:

eko ratho gajaś caikaḥ
narāḥ pañca padātayaḥ
trayaś ca turagās taj-jñaiḥ
pattir ity abhidhīyate
eko ratho gajaś caikaḥ
narāḥ pañca padātayaḥ
trayaś ca turagās taj-jñaiḥ
pattir ity abhidhīyate
pattiṁ tu triguṇām etāṁ
viduḥ senāmukhaṁ budhāḥ
trīṇi senāmukhāny eko
gulma ity adhidhīyate
pattiṁ tu triguṇām etāṁ
viduḥ senāmukhaṁ budhāḥ
trīṇi senāmukhāny eko
gulma ity adhidhīyate
trayo gulmā gaṇo nāma
vāhinī tu gaṇās trayaḥ
śrutās tisras tu vāhinyaḥ
pṛtaneti vicakṣaṇaiḥ
trayo gulmā gaṇo nāma
vāhinī tu gaṇās trayaḥ
śrutās tisras tu vāhinyaḥ
pṛtaneti vicakṣaṇaiḥ
camūs tu pṛtanās tisraś
caṁvas tisras tv anīkinī
anīkinīṁ daśa-guṇām
āhur akṣauhiṇīṁ budhāḥ
camūs tu pṛtanās tisraś
caṁvas tisras tv anīkinī
anīkinīṁ daśa-guṇām
āhur akṣauhiṇīṁ budhāḥ
akṣauhiṇyas tu saṅkhyātā
rathānāṁ dvija-sattamāḥ
saṅkhyā-gaṇita-tattvajñaiḥ
sahasrāṇy eka-viṁśati
akṣauhiṇyas tu saṅkhyātā
rathānāṁ dvija-sattamāḥ
saṅkhyā-gaṇita-tattvajñaiḥ
sahasrāṇy eka-viṁśati
śatāny upari cāṣṭau ca
bhūyas tathā ca saptatiḥ
gajānāṁ tu parīmāṇaṁ
tāvad evātra nirdiśet
śatāny upari cāṣṭau ca
bhūyas tathā ca saptatiḥ
gajānāṁ tu parīmāṇaṁ
tāvad evātra nirdiśet
jñeyaṁ śata-sahasraṁ tu
sahasrāṇi tathā nava
narāṇām adhi pañcāśac
chatāni trīṇi cānaghāḥ
jñeyaṁ śata-sahasraṁ tu
sahasrāṇi tathā nava
narāṇām adhi pañcāśac
chatāni trīṇi cānaghāḥ
pañca-ṣaṣṭi-sahasrāṇi
tathāśvānāṁ śatāni ca
daśottarāṇi ṣaṭ cāhur
yathāvad abhisaṅkhyayā
pañca-ṣaṣṭi-sahasrāṇi
tathāśvānāṁ śatāni ca
daśottarāṇi ṣaṭ cāhur
yathāvad abhisaṅkhyayā
etām akṣauhiṇīṁ prāhuḥ
saṅkhyā-tattva-vido janāḥ
etām akṣauhiṇīṁ prāhuḥ
saṅkhyā-tattva-vido janāḥ

“One chariot, one elephant, five infantry soldiers and three horses are called a patti by those who are learned in the science. The wise also know that a senāmukha is three times what a patti is. Three senāmukhas are known as one gulma, three gulmas are called a gaṇa, and three gaṇas are called a vāhinī. Three vāhinīs have been referred to by the learned as a pṛtanā, three pṛtanās equal one camū, and three camūs equal one anīkinī. The wise refer to ten anīkinīs as one akṣauhiṇī. The chariots of an akṣauhiṇī have been calculated at 21,870 by those who know the science of such calculations, O best of the twice-born, and the number of elephants is the same. The number of infantry soldiers is 109,350, and the number of horses is 65,610. This is called an akṣauhiṇī.

«Los expertos en la ciencia denominan patti al conjunto de una cuadriga, un elefante, cinco soldados de infantería y tres caballos. Esos sabios dicen también que el conjunto de tres pattis forman un senāmukha. Tres senāmukhas forman un gulma, tres gulmas un gaṇa, y tres gaṇas un vāhinī. Los eruditos llaman pṛtanā al conjunto de tres vāhinīs; tres pṛtanās forman un camū; y tres camūs, un anīkinī. Los sabios dicen que diez anīkinīs son un akṣauhiṇī. ¡Oh, el mejor de los nacidos por segunda vez!, los que conocen esta ciencia han calculado que en un akṣauhiṇī hay 21 870 cuadrigas, e igual número de elefantes. Los soldados de infantería son 109 350, y el número de caballos es de 65 610. Esos son los componentes de un akṣauhiṇī».