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Text 41

Text 41

Devanagari

Devanagari

कर्मवल्लीमवलम्ब्य तत आपद: कथञ्चिन्नरकाद्विमुक्त: पुनरप्येवं संसाराध्वनि वर्तमानो नरलोकसार्थमुपयाति एवमुपरि गतोऽपि ॥ ४१ ॥

Text

Texto

karma-vallīm avalambya tata āpadaḥ kathañcin narakād vimuktaḥ punar apy evaṁ saṁsārādhvani vartamāno nara-loka-sārtham upayāti evam upari gato ’pi.
karma-vallīm avalambya tata āpadaḥ kathañcin narakād vimuktaḥ punar apy evaṁ saṁsārādhvani vartamāno nara-loka-sārtham upayāti evam upari gato ’pi.

Synonyms

Synonyms

karma-vallīm — the creeper of fruitive activities; avalambya — taking shelter of; tataḥ — from that; āpadaḥ — dangerous or miserable condition; kathañcit — somehow or other; narakāt — from the hellish condition of life; vimuktaḥ — being freed; punaḥ api — again; evam — in this way; saṁsāra-adhvani — on the path of material existence; vartamānaḥ — existing; nara-loka-sa-artham — the field of self-interested material activities; upayāti — he enters; evam — thus; upari — above (in the higher planetary systems); gataḥ api — although promoted.

karma-vallīm — la enredadera de las actividades fruitivas; avalambya — cobijarse en; tataḥ — de esa; āpadaḥ — condición peligrosa o miserable; kathañcit — de una forma u otra; narakāt — de las condiciones de vida infernales; vimuktaḥ — liberada; punaḥ api — de nuevo; evam — de ese modo; saṁsāra-adhvani — en la senda de la existencia material; vartamānaḥ — existir; nara-loka-sa-artham — el campo de las actividades materiales centradas en uno mismo; upayāti — entra; evam — así; upari — arriba (en los sistemas planetarios superiores); gataḥ api — aunque elevada.

Translation

Translation

When the conditioned soul accepts the shelter of the creeper of fruitive activity, he may be elevated by his pious activities to higher planetary systems and thus gain liberation from hellish conditions, but unfortunately he cannot remain there. After reaping the results of his pious activities, he has to return to the lower planetary systems. In this way he perpetually goes up and comes down.

Cuando se cobija bajo la enredadera de la actividad fruitiva, el alma condicionada, gracias a sus actividades piadosas, puede elevarse a los sistemas planetarios superiores. De ese modo, se libera de las condiciones infernales; pero, por desgracia, no puede quedarse allí para siempre. Después de cosechar los resultados de sus actividades piadosas, tiene que regresar a los sistemas planetarios inferiores. Así continúa eternamente, elevándose y descendiendo.

Purport

Purport

In this regard Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu says:

SIGNIFICADO: Con respecto a esto, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu dice:

brahmāṇḍa bhramite kona bhāgyavān jīva
guru-kṛṣṇa-prasāde pāya bhakti-latā-bīja
brahmāṇḍa bhramite kona bhāgyavān jīva
guru-kṛṣṇa-prasāde pāya bhakti-latā-bīja

(Cc. Madhya 19.151)

(Cc. Madhya 19.151)

Even if one wanders for many millions of years, from the time of creation until the time of annihilation, one cannot get free from the path of material existence unless one receives shelter at the lotus feet of a pure devotee. As a monkey takes shelter of the branch of a banyan tree and thinks he is enjoying, the conditioned soul, not knowing the real interest of his life, takes shelter of the path of karma-kāṇḍa, fruitive activities. Sometimes he is elevated to the heavenly planets by such activities, and sometimes he again descends to earth. This is described by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu as brahmāṇḍa bhramite. However, if by Kṛṣṇa’s grace one is fortunate enough to come under the shelter of the guru, by the mercy of Kṛṣṇa he receives lessons on how to execute devotional service to the Supreme Lord. In this way he receives a clue of how to get out of his continuous struggle up and down within the material world. Therefore the Vedic injunction is that one should approach a spiritual master. The Vedas declare: tad-vijñānārthaṁ sa gurum evābhigacchet (Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.12). Similarly in Bhagavad-gītā (4.34) the Supreme Personality of Godhead advises:

Sin refugiarse en los pies de loto de un devoto puro, no es posible liberarse de la senda de la existencia material, ni siquiera después de vagar por ella durante muchos millones de años, desde el momento de la creación hasta el de la aniquilación. Como un mono que se refugia en la rama de un árbol de los banianos y cree que disfruta, el alma condicionada, ignorante de su verdadero interés en la vida, se refugia en la senda de karma-kāṇḍa, las actividades fruitivas. Como resultado de esas actividades, a veces se eleva a los planetas celestiales, y a veces desciende de nuevo a la Tierra. Esto lo explica Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu con las palabras brahmāṇḍa bhramite. A veces, por misericordia de Kṛṣṇa, una persona es lo bastante afortunada como para refugiarse en un guru, y aprende así la manera de ocuparse en el servicio devocional del Señor Supremo. De esa forma obtiene la clave para liberarse de la lucha en el mundo material, que le lleva a elevarse y descender continuamente. Por lo tanto, el mandamiento védico declara que debemos acudir a un maestro espiritual: tad-vijñānārthaṁ sa gurum evābhigacchet (Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.12). De manera similar, en el Bhagavad-gītā (4.34), la Suprema Personalidad de Dios aconseja:

tad viddhi praṇipātena
paripraśnena sevayā
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṁ
jñāninas tattva-darśinaḥ
tad viddhi praṇipātena
paripraśnena sevayā
upadekṣyanti te jñānaṁ
jñāninas tattva-darśinaḥ

“Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized soul can impart knowledge unto you because he has seen the truth.” Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.3.21) gives similar advice:

«Trata de aprender la verdad acudiendo a un maestro espiritual. Hazle preguntas con sumisión y ofrécele servicio. Las almas autorrealizadas pueden impartirte conocimiento, porque han visto la verdad».
Y en el Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.3.21):

tasmād guruṁ prapadyeta
jijñāsuḥ śreya uttamam
śābde pare ca niṣṇātaṁ
brahmaṇy upaśamāśrayam
tasmād guruṁ prapadyeta
jijñāsuḥ śreya uttamam
śābde pare ca niṣṇātaṁ
brahmaṇy upaśamāśrayam

“Any person who seriously desires to achieve real happiness must seek out a bona fide spiritual master and take shelter of him by initiation. The qualification of his spiritual master is that he must have realized the conclusion of the scriptures by deliberation and be able to convince others of these conclusions. Such great personalities, who have taken shelter of the Supreme Godhead, leaving aside all material considerations, are to be understood as bona fide spiritual masters.” Similarly, Viśvanātha Cakravartī, a great Vaiṣṇava, also advises, yasya prasādād bhagavat-prasādaḥ: “By the mercy of the spiritual master one receives the mercy of Kṛṣṇa.” This is the same advice given by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (guru-kṛṣṇa-prasāde pāya bhakti-latā-bīja). This is essential. One must come to Kṛṣṇa consciousness, and therefore one must take shelter of a pure devotee. Thus one can become free from the clutches of matter.

“Any person who seriously desires to achieve real happiness must seek out a bona fide spiritual master and take shelter of him by initiation. The qualification of his spiritual master is that he must have realized the conclusion of the scriptures by deliberation and be able to convince others of these conclusions. Such great personalities, who have taken shelter of the Supreme Godhead, leaving aside all material considerations, are to be understood as bona fide spiritual masters.” Similarly, Viśvanātha Cakravartī, a great Vaiṣṇava, also advises, yasya prasādād bhagavat-prasādaḥ: “By the mercy of the spiritual master one receives the mercy of Kṛṣṇa.” This is the same advice given by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (guru-kṛṣṇa-prasāde pāya bhakti-latā-bīja). This is essential. One must come to Kṛṣṇa consciousness, and therefore one must take shelter of a pure devotee. Thus one can become free from the clutches of matter.