दाक्षायणीत्याह यदा सुदुर्मना: ।
व्युत्स्रक्ष्य एतत्कुणपं त्वदङ्गजम् ॥ २३ ॥
dākṣāyaṇīty āha yadā sudurmanāḥ
vyapeta-narma-smitam āśu tadā ’haṁ
vyutsrakṣya etat kuṇapaṁ tvad-aṅgajam
gotram — family relationship; tvadīyam — your; bhagavān — the possessor of all opulences; vṛṣadhvajaḥ — Lord Śiva; dākṣāyaṇī — Dākṣāyaṇī (the daughter of Dakṣa); iti — thus; āha — calls; yadā — when; sudurmanāḥ — very morose; vyapeta — disappear; narma-smitam — my jolliness and smile; āśu — immediately; tadā — then; aham — I; vyutsrakṣye — I shall give up; etat — this (body); kuṇapam — dead body; tvat-aṅga-jam — produced from your body.
Because of our family relationship, when Lord Śiva addresses me as Dākṣāyaṇī I at once become morose, and my jolliness and my smile at once disappear. I feel very much sorry that my body, which is just like a bag, has been produced by you. I shall therefore give it up.
The word dākṣāyaṇī means “the daughter of King Dakṣa.” Sometimes, when there was relaxed conversation between husband and wife, Lord Śiva used to call Satī “the daughter of King Dakṣa,” and because this very word reminded her about her family relationship with King Dakṣa, she at once became ashamed because Dakṣa was an incarnation of all offenses. Dakṣa was the embodiment of envy, for he unnecessarily blasphemed a great personality, Lord Śiva. Simply upon hearing the word dākṣāyaṇī, she felt afflicted because of reference to the context because her body was the symbol of all the offensiveness with which Dakṣa was endowed. Since her body was constantly a source of unhappiness, she decided to give it up.